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Last Updated: Apr 19, 2017 URL: http://libguides.chartercollege.edu/HIT Print Guide RSS Updates

Diseases and Disorders Print Page
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Mental Disorders

  • Alcoholism: Topic Page
    Disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
  • Anorexia: Topic Page
    Lack of desire to eat, or refusal to eat, especially the pathological condition of anorexia nervosa, most often found in adolescent girls and young women.
  • Autism: Topic Page
    Autism, a condition of neurodevelopment, is more common in males, with onset typically in infancy. It is diagnosed when a child or adult has abnormalities in a ‘triad’ of behavioral domains: social development, communication, and repetitive behavior / obsessive interests.
  • Bipolar Disorder: Topic Page
    Any of several psychological disorders of mood characterized usually by alternating episodes of depression and mania — called also manic depression, manic-depressive illness.
  • Depression: Topic Page
    Disorder best defined as a collection of psychological symptoms including sadness; unhappy thoughts characterized by worry, poor self-image, self-blame, guilt and low self-confidence; downbeat views on the future; and a feeling of hopelessness.
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder: Topic Page
    Dissociative identity disorder (DID) has been one of the most controversial diagnostic categories in the history of psychiatry.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Obsessive compulsive disorder is defined in the DSM-IV as the presence of either obsessions or compulsions (or both). Obsessions are defined as recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses or images that are experienced as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Topic Page
    (PTSD), mental disorder that follows an occurrence of extreme psychological stress, such as that encountered in war or resulting from violence, childhood abuse, sexual abuse, or serious accident.
  • Schizophrenia: Topic Page
    Group of severe mental disorders characterized by reality distortions resulting in unusual thought patterns and behaviors.
  


Physical Diseases and Conditions

  • AIDS: Topic Page
    AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a chronic, life-threatening disease that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Alzheimer's Disease: Topic Page
    Common manifestation of dementia , thought to afflict 1 in 20 people over 65.
  • Anemia: Topic Page
    Condition in which the concentration of hemoglobin in the circulating blood is below normal.
  • Arteriosclerosis: Topic Page
    General term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels.
  • Asthma: Topic Page
    Chronic condition characterized by difficulty in breathing due to spasm of the bronchi (air passages) in the lungs.
  • Cancer: Topic Page
    Group of diseases characterized by abnormal proliferation of cells.
  • Cirrhosis: Topic Page
    Degeneration of tissue in an organ resulting in fibrosis, with nodule and scar formation.
  • Diabetes: Topic Page
    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disorder characterized by the lack or insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas.
  • Heart Disease: Topic Page
    Any of several abnormalities of the heart and its function in maintaining blood circulation.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Topic Page
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by recurring episodes of neurological disturbance.
  • Obesity: Topic Page
    Condition resulting from excessive storage of fat in the body.

  • Osteoporosis: Topic Page
    A disease, most commonly of post-menopausal women, in which the bones become porous, brittle and liable to fracture, owing to the loss of calcium from the bone substance.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Topic Page
    A form of arthritis, particularly common in women, that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and deformity of the joints, especially of the fingers, wrists, ankles, feet or hips.
  


 

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